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Safety Data

1. Identification of the substance or preparation and the company/undertaking

Name of preparation:
Avadex Excel 15G
Use:
Agricultural/horticultural herbicide
Company identification:

Gowan Comercia Internacional e Servicos, limitada
Avenida do Infante 50,9004-521
Funchal, Madeira, Portugal
Telephone: +351 291 232 484
Fax: +351 291 232 459
Telephone (24 hour emergency) +44 (0) 1865 407333


2. Composition/information on ingredients

Ingredients with health or environmental hazards:

Other ingredients: Inerts


3. Hazards identification

Health hazards: Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure if swallowed. Causes skin sensitisation.
Environmental hazards: oxic to aquatic organisms. May cause long-term adverse effects to the aquatic environment.
Fire hazards: May give off toxic fumes if burnt or heated to decomposition.


4. First-aid measures

Inhalation: Inhalation unlikely (dust-free granules), but should it occur, remove patient from exposure into fresh air and keep at rest. Obtain medical aid.
Eye contact: May be irritating. Irrigate eyes with eyewash solution or clean water, holding the eyelids apart, for at least fifteen minutes (do not let run-off water contaminate unaffected eye). Obtain immediate medical aid.
Skin contact: Remove contaminated clothing and wash affected area thoroughly with soap and water. Report for medical attention.
Ingestion: Do not induce vomiting. Give patient plenty of water to drink if conscious, keep warm and at rest. If unconscious, place/transport patient in secured side recovery position. Obtain immediate medical aid.
Advice to physician: Treatment should be symptomatic and supportive.


5. Fire-fighting measures

Fire hazard: Product is non-combustible but packaging is combustible.
Extinguishing media: Fight fire with extinguishants appropriate to other flammable/combustible chemicals involved. If no other chemicals involved (ie fire is due to burning packaging), extinguish with water spray or fog. Remove undamaged packages from exposure to fire, if without risk of personal exposure to fire or chemical.
Exposure hazards: Product may decompose in a fire to release toxic fumes.
Protective equipment: Wear chemical-resistant protective clothing and self-contained breathing apparatus.
Note: Prevent run-off water contaminating drains or watercourses (bund if necessary); inform appropriate authority immediately if this happens.


6. Accidental release measures

Personal precautions: Ensure adequate ventilation (see Section 8 if this is not possible). Avoid contamination with chemical; wear personal protective equipment (see Section 8). Keep people and animals away.
Environmental precautions: Prevent chemical contaminating drains or watercourses; inform appropriate authority immediately if this happens. Prevent chemical contaminating soil.
Clean-up measures: Vacuum up (using industrial equipment fitted with high efficiency final filter) or shovel/sweep up; transfer into suitable drums for safe disposal (see Section 13). Prevent formation of dust cloud; dampen powder if necessary with water. Subsequently, wash affected surfaces with water (contain washings to prevent contamination of drains or watercourses).


7. Handling and storage

Handling: Ensure appropriate measures (eg engineering controls and/or personal protective equipment) are in place to minimise exposure – see Section 8. Avoid contact with skin or eyes. Avoid inhaling dust.
Storage: Store in a secure, cool, dry, designated area in original packaging, in accordance with any label storage advice. Keep children and public away. Rotate stock and check regularly for damage.


8. Exposure controls and personal protection

Refer to workplace risk assessment and exposure control measure. Exposure should be minimised by the use of appropriate containment, engineering control and ventilation measure. Where this is not possible, personal protective equipment should be worn as indicated below (in circumstances where the likelihood of exposure is minimal,eg very small spillage in a well ventilated area,some of the personal protective equipment described may not be appropriate – consult a specialist before disregarding).

Occupational exposure standards: None specified for product. Manufacturer’s recommended exposure limit for triallate 0.7 mg/m3 (8 hr.), 2.8 mg/m3 (15 min.).
Respiratory protection:
Wear dust mask (EN149 Type P3).
Eye protection: Wear goggles with side pieces.
Occupational exposure standards: None specified for product. Manufacturer’s recommended exposure limit for triallate 0.7 mg/m3 (8 hr.), 2.8 mg/m3 (15 min.).
Respiratory protection: Wear dust mask (EN149 Type P3).
Eye protection: Wear goggles with side pieces.
Hand protection: Wear pvc, rubber, neoprene or nitrile gloves. Check regularly for condition when using.
Skin protection: Wear chemical-resistant overalls (disposable, or clean re-usable), rubber or pvc apron and rubber or pvc boots.
General hygiene: Wash after handling chemical or immediately if contamination occurs. Do not eat, drink or smoke. Decontaminate personal protective equipment before removal; if not possible, dispose of as contaminated waste.


9. Physical and chemical properties

10. Stability and reactivity

Conditions to avoid: Stable under normal conditions of storage and use (see Section 7).
Materials to avoid: None known.
Hazardous decomposition products: None known. See Section 5 for thermal decomposition products.


11. Toxicological information

Inhalation: Probably low acute toxicity (dust free granules). Triallate rat inhalational LC50>5.3 mg/1 (4 hour).
Eye contact: Unlikely to cause irritation. In OECD 405 test, mean EU scores for conjunctival redness 1.11, conjunctival swelling 0.28, corneal opacity 0, iris lesions 0 (3 days to heal)†.
Skin contact: Low acute toxicity: rabbit dermal LD50>20,000 mg/kg†. May cause sensitisation*. In modified Draize test, mean EU scores for redness 1.25, swelling 0.25†.
Ingestion: Low acute toxicity: rat oral LD50 12,000 mg/kg†.
Sub-chronic toxicity: Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure if swallowed*.
Chronic toxicity: The ingredients of this preparation are not classified by their suppliers as carcinogenic, mutagenic or toxic for reproduction under EU rules.

*Estimated by application of EU Conventional Method criteria.

†Data on a similar formulation.


12. Ecological information

Aquatic toxicity: Product is toxic to aquatic organisms.* A similar formulation (triallate 10% granules) is harmful to fish: 96 hr. LC50 13mg/1 (bluegill sunfish) and 19mg/1 (rainbow trout). For triallate, daphnia EC50 (48 hour) 0.091 mg/1, algae IC50 (72 hour) 0.047 mg/1; bioaccumulation potential>540 (rapid depuration after end of exposure).

Avarian toxicity: For triallate, bobwhite quail oral LD50 2,251 mg/kg.
Toxicity to honey bees: For triallate, oral/contact 48 hr. LD50>100µg/bee
Toxicity to earthworms: For triallate, 14 day LC50 549 mg/kg dry soil.
Mobility: Triallate adsorbs strongly to soil and is not expected to leach to groundwater.
Persistence/degradability: May cause long-term adverse effects to the aquatic environment*. For triallate, half lives are 2-3 days (water/sediment) and 35-61 days (soil, aerobic); not readily degradable, <1% degradation within 28 days in manometric respirometry test.

*Estimated by application of EU Conventional Method criteria.


13. Disposal considerations

This material should be disposed of at a licensed facility for disposal in accordance with local and national legislation.Preferred means of disposal is incineration (at>1100oC with minimum residence time of 3 seconds) with off-gas scrubbing where permitted.

Uncontaminated packaging may be recycled or incinerated as appropriate in accordance with local and national legislation.

Relevant legislation includes: (EU) The Waste Framework Directive (75/442/EEC), the Hazardous Waste Directive (91/689/EEC).


14. Transport information

Except where shown otherwise in this table, IATA, IMDG, ADR, RID and GB transport particulars are as for UN.

UN proper shipping name: ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE, SOLID, NOS (contains triallate 15%)
UN number: 3077
UN class: 9
UN packing group: III
UN label: No. 9
ADR classification code: M7
ADR transport category: 3
ADR hazard identification number: 90
CDG-road emergency action code: 2Z
IMDG marine pollutant: Yes, Type P

Note: Under multilateral agreement M150, as there is <25% aquatic pollutant (triallate) present in the product (and as it has no Classes 1 to 8 dangerous properties) it can be deemed not dangerous for road transport. Not all ADR signatory countries have subscribed to M150 however, and some including Great Britain who have subscribed will not renew it when it expires in December 2004; in these cases, the product is/will be dangerous for transport as shown above (according to existing ADR criteria and other modal rules).


15 Regulatory information

EU classification/labelling particulars:

Note: Individual EU Member States may require these particulars to be modified as the classification and labelling of pesticides has not yet been fully harmonised; check national approval conditions before use.

Designated name: Avadex 15%G (contains triallate 15%)
Categories of danger: Harmful. Sensitising. Dangerous for the environment.
Symbol-letter(s): Xn. N.
Risk phrase(s)*: R43, 48/22, 51/53
Safety phrase(s)*: S2, 13, 20/21, 36/37, 61
Precautionary phrases†*
*See section 16 for risk and safety phrase text.

†Required by Member State pesticide approval authority instead of standard EU safety phrases on consumer packages.


16. Other information

This safety data sheet has been prepared in accordance with: (EU) EC Directive 91/155/EEC.

Risk and safety phrases used in this safety data sheet (Sections 2, 3, 15):
R22 = Harmful if swallowed. R43 = May cause sensitisation by skin contact. R48/22 = Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure if swallowed. R50/53 = Very toxic to aquatic organisms;may cause longterm adverse effects to the aquatic environment. R51/53 = Toxic to aquatic organisms; may cause long-term adverse effects to the aquatic environment. R65 = Harmful:may cause lung damage if swallowed. R66 = Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness or cracking. S2 = Keep out of reach of children. S13 = Keep away from food, drink and animal feedingstuffs. S20/21 = When using do not eat, drink or smoke. S36/37 = Wear suitable protective clothing and gloves. S61 = Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions/safety data sheet.

Sources of information used include:
Own data; ingredient suppliers’ data; Annex I (list of substances with mandatory classification and labelling particulars) of The Dangerous Substances Directive 67/548/EEC as amended; transport rules; toxicity reports.

Date and reference of first issue: G005-2/EU/E/Aug. 04

Date and reference of this version: G005-2/EU/E/Feb. 05

List of revisions in this version: Formatting only.